Most of you probably heard about the blockchain – technology created by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. For example, if you’re in the real estate industry, as a real estate agent, the blockchain could literally wipe your job off of the face of the planet. That’s the definition of decentralization – the most important thing in the blockchain network. Because the blockchain doesn’t need any control from the central bank or governments. So, let’s try to explain what the blockchain really is, starting with some basics about this disruptive technology.
To put it simply, blockchain is a distributed ledger technology. It is a list of all transactions made in the peer-to-peer Bitcoin network – but what the peer-to-peer network really is? It’s a communication protocol, which instead of having a central location that’s beaming out information over the internet to individual computers, is having individual computers that are tied together. So they are all constantly communicating and sharing information with each other.
Source: Try Codnet
For example: when you download pirated music over the internet, through the BitTorrent network, instead of one computer or one server having all of these digital media files, all the computers on the network have and “seed” just a little bit of each one. So you are pulling a little percentage from each computer in the network until you’ve compiled the entire file and in such manner, it’s decentralized, which means that all the computers are working together to bring the information into one.
Every cryptocurrency transaction made on the Bitcoin network has a unique transaction ID called a hash. Each hash is generated for each transaction, and all of those hashes are grouped together in 10-minute blocks. Every ten minutes or so, all the transactions made are grouped together, and that group of hashes are sent out as an equation or an “algorithm” to be solved by the computers on the network, called miners.
These miners, or what they’re also known as nodes, are groups of CPUs and GPUs, tied together to work at the one task of solving this equation. Basically, the reason this equation needs to be solved is the process of verifying that all the transactions in single blocks are legitimate.
Once a node believes it has solved the equation, the signal is sent out to the rest of the nodes to verify that the information is correct, and once 51% of the nodes agree, the block gets locked into the network. This process is called mining. But why are miners doing it? What is it worth? Well, when the node actually solved the equation, he or she gets 12.5 Bitcoins as “proof of work” reward. That’s why mining is so popular – 12.5 Bitcoins in today’s market are worth around $112,000.
Just try to imagine that your computer has enough computing power to solve every single block: if you’re consistent, you could make $112,000 every 10 minutes!
— David_pokoi (@DPokoi) March 23, 2020
To sum up all the above information: the miners solve the algorithms and while the verification by the rest of the nodes is successful, the block gets tied into the previous block. When this happens, each block gets an identification number, named hash. That hash ties a reference number to the previous block to lock it into the network. Every block in the bitcoin network has a reference to the previous block, that’s what makes it so secure.
The blockchain technology is a distributed ledger available for anyone to read at any time. There’s no way to alter any of the blocks in a blockchain because the attempt would make it no longer match the previous block and the block in front of it. Changing one block, forces change on every single subsequent block before the next 10-minute block gets set in. This change also needs to be verified by all the nodes on the network. That is why the Blockchain is such a reliable Ledger because everybody knows that the information is locked in and cannot be altered.
To change a block, all the nodes have to agree and verify if it’s not a malicious change to the block. If everything’s right then all the nodes agree and the block is added to the blockchain. Remember, they will not let malicious hackers get into the blockchain and alter things. It doesn’t work that way and will never be.
The blockchain is basically a simple tool to record all the transactions in the network. This technology could be used in everything, for example for Real Estate or for making car transactions. When you sell your vehicle, the title of your vehicle, the person receiving it and the person selling it, that whole contract can be tied into a blockchain and set as a permanent record in the ledger that you transacted with a person who bought the car.
Screenshot from Blockchain.com
Let’s emphasize this a little bit: these blocks are public record. Anybody can access all in the blockchain. The only information that it doesn’t show is the person who sent the transaction and the person who received it. It only shows the number associated with that person. It’s their digital signature.
When you think about all the blocks in the blockchain network, they all have reference numbers to the previous block, locking them all into place. The first one is the only one that’s different – “The Genesis Block”. It doesn’t have a reference number to the previous block because there isn’t any. To put it simply, it’s a block “0” – the first block in existence in the Bitcoin blockchain. Someone might ask: what about the future of the blockchain?
In its most basic form, the existence of blockchain is a method of trust. People trust the blockchain because they know it can’t be altered. People put information into the blockchain knowing that it’s going to be there forever.
This can be used in many different applications. Imagine if you were a songwriter and you wrote a song and put it into the blockchain. Then, five years down the line somebody found your song and decided to copy it. Then that song went crazy viral, got millions upon millions of views, and that person made a ton of money on it. You could show through the blockchain that you were the actual creator of that song because that block was time-stamped with your ID number, with your name, with the lyrics, and you could prove that that song was in fact yours.
Over the next few years, we’re going to see a lot of people using blockchain technology. They’re going to have their own blockchains. There’s going to be a blockchain for every single industry, and it’s going to be a safe, reliable and honest way to keep a ledger of all transactions made. Because that’s what the blockchain is: simply a ledger to record history.
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